The categories in Show Dance are Solo male, solo female, duo, small group, formation.   

Adult division duo is divided in two categories: 

DUO female-female, DUO male-female or duo male-male.  The dancer must only be represented in either two females, two males or male/female in any given competition Age Divisions see in General Provisions of Performing Arts.

Show Dance in the broadest sense is based either on any Jazz, Ballet and/or Modern dance technique. Other dance disciplines can also be incorporated but cannot dominate. Ballroom, Latin or Rock ’n’ Roll (in the IDSF & WDC way) are excluded and cannot be performed. Show Dance allows the use of lifts (except for Children), acrobatics, props, lip-sync and other theatrical effects. An IDO Show Dance number always has to have a guideline, story or visible concept to entertain the audience.
2. When movements and elements of other IDO dance disciplines such as Disco Dance, Hip-Hop, Electric Boogie, Break Dance and Tap, or when American & International Ballroom and Latin Dance is used in the performance, such movements/styles should not control/dominate the performance.
3. The dancer’s personal interpretation should be clearly evident when using any of these disciplines or styles.
4. Acrobatic Movements: Permitted as outlined in General Provisions of Performing Arts. Acrobatic movements will be evaluated under show criteria and must never dominate and must be in harmony with the idea or theme.
5. Lifts: Permitted as outlined in General Provisions of Performing Arts. NOTE: Lifts are NOT permitted in the Children’s age division.
6. Stage Props: Permitted as outlined under General Provisions of Performing Arts.
7. Musicality, variety of dance and patterns, originality, total performance, and individual choreography will be evaluated. It is very important to present harmony of idea, music, dance, choreography, costume, and props in the presentation, as the entire image will be used in evaluating the performance.
8. Formations will be judged as a whole. Solo, duo or ensemble parts may be performed, but must not dominate.
9. All Show Dance presentations shall be based on a concept, story, theme or idea. There must be a title of the Show. The concept, story, theme or idea must be fully understood and will be expressed by means of dance movements that adhere to the piece being presented, along with being creative, imaginative and original. The piece must have Show Value, as explained in the Judging Procedure (Section Protocol and Judging Procedure) No dancer shall compete against him or herself. 



Permitted in many Performing Arts disciplines. However, Stage Props MUST BE CARRIED BY THE DANCER(S) IN ONE TRIP.                                                      Stagehands/assistants are not allowed to carry props for the dancer(s). 
NOTE: Cumbersome scenic props are not permitted in any dance, category, style or division at any IDO Event. Hand Props are anything carried with the hands and not part of the costume. (Bells, flags, cane, umbrella, etc.) Floor Props are the same, objects set on the floor. (Chairs, stairs, ladders, tables, etc.)Scenic Backgrounds and Backdrops. (Scenic curtains or fl ats – scenery)Liquids or other substances that can litter, damage, or make the dance floor/stage unsafe may not be used in any category or discipline.Using electrical devices, such as personal light effects and music which the dancer plugs into an electric socket – props may be used but must be powered by the battery.


Scenic backgrounds and floor props must take no longer than 15 seconds to set up and 15 seconds to carry it away in Solo, Duo, Trio, and Small Group entries.
Formations will be allowed 45 seconds to set up and 45 seconds to take it off the stage.
Time will begin as soon as the first piece of scenic material touches the stage and in taking it off, as soon as the last piece is off the stage.
This rule applies to all Performing Arts disciplines. The rule regarding dancers carrying the props in one trip, on and off, will remain the same.


Solos, Duos, Trio (Tap only)
 1 minute & 45 seconds (1:45)
 1 minute in Ballet solo
 2 minutes & 15 seconds (2:15)
Small Groups
 2 minutes & 30 seconds (2:30)
 3 minutes (3:00)
 2 minutes & 30 seconds (2:30)
 4 minutes (4:00)
Mini Production
Large Production
 3 minutes
 5 minutes
 8 minutes
 8 minutes , Set-up time is explained below
Children’s Formation will be 2:30 minimum and 3:00 maximum in Performing Arts, except Belly Dance and Flamenco Dance.
The time limit for all Productions is 8 minutes maximum, which will allow the opportunity to have a final with 3, including an open marking.
Lifts are defined as movements/figures in which both feet of one dancer are off the floor and such figures/movements are performed with the help / physical support of another person.
Lifts are permitted in some, but not all dance disciplines. Please refer to specific rules for the discipline in question.
Lifts are NOT permitted in Children’s divisions unless stated otherwise in the specific rules governing a specific discipline.


Acrobatics are those movements, in which body overturns round sagittal or frontal axes, such as somersaults, hand wheeling, and similar figures. These movements are permitted in some, but not all disciplines. Please refer to specific rules for the discipline in question. If permitted, acrobatic movements will not always enhance the dancer’s score, and could even detract from the score if they are not performed in a technically correct manner.
No dance routine shall be performed in more than one discipline.
Example: The same routine cannot be performed in both a Jazz and Show Dance, nor can a Modern piece be performed in both a Modern and Ballet event.
In Jazz, Modern, Ballet, Tap Dance and Show Dance disciplines dancers will not be allowed to change their costume during a performance or competition unless it is ordered because of an infraction of the Costume Rules. It will also not be allowed to change the music or choreography in the next or final round. (valid from 1st January 2012)
Dark themes, costumes, and music are not permitted in the Children Age Division (valid from 1st January 2012)